PHP Vs Python – Choosing the Best Web Development Language
By Shagun Sharma
Mar 8, 20227 min read
From website development to software designing, there is always a debate about choosing the best programming language. For any development project, you need the right resources and tools; having the right programming language is key to a successful website.
Now when we talk about back-end development, PHP and Python are taking the heat. Though both of these are highly sought-after languages used today, taking sides in this debate is not easy, and developers will agree.
PHP and Python have been known as the two most popular server-side programming languages that businesses prefer for back-end development.
With neck-to-neck competition, it has become imperative to choose a language that is highly secure, reliable, and scalable. While skilled programmer weighs the benefits of a programming language based on their experience and logical approach, beginners find it a bit intimidating to choose between the two languages to get started with web or mobile app development.
Several programming languages can be used for back-end development, such as C, C++, Java, Ruby. But because of complex coding and syntax used, these can be difficult to learn. Yet, if we talk about PHP and Python, both these languages are easy to learn and use.
If you are wondering which one of the two is the best to start with, then this article will help you!
Let’s dive in!
Why Choose PHP?
PHP is an open-source programming language that has long been used to create online applications and is widely used in server-side web development.
Features of PHP
1. PHP is easy to code and implement as compared to any other programming language.
2. It provides database integration and supports different databases such as MySQL and Oracle.
3. It offers cross-platform compatibility.
Advantages of PHP
1. Developers who have knowledge of programming languages such as C, C++, and Java, find it easy to understand and work.
2. It has a wide range of features, yet it is known as one of the simple and easy-to-understand programming languages.
3. Model-View-Controller, the PHP framework's architectural pattern, aids developers in arranging their code.
4. PHP is open-source and free. It may be downloaded from any location and is ready to use in the event of online applications.
5. Applications built on PHP and connected to a database can be loaded quickly.
6. PHP is mostly utilized because it loads faster than other programming languages over sluggish internet connections.
7. PHP offers a library of prewritten routines that users may utilize to improve their programs as needed.
8. PHP allows us a lot of flexibility. It is quite adaptable, and its built-in functions make it simple to connect to a database.
9. It is compatible with several relational database management systems, including MySQL, dBase, IBM DB2, and others.
Drawbacks of PHP
1. Due to its open-source nature, it is not completely secure as ASCII text files are frequently available.
2. It lacks strong debugging tools necessary for identifying and troubleshooting bugs, resulting in poor application upkeep.
3. PHP does not allow for the simultaneous operation of numerous features. In fact, utilizing more capabilities from the PHP tools might cause performance issues.
4. It is really difficult to handle because it is not modular. It already mimics the characteristics of the Java programming language.
Regardless, with such widespread use of the programming language, it is evident that PHP's benefits outnumber its drawbacks. As a result, it still maintains a sizable development community.
Why Choose Python?
Python is a high-level programming language, object-oriented, and interpreted. It works with a variety of programming paradigms and supports both structured and object-oriented programming completely. With huge library support, Python has become one of the popular choices for backend programming.
Features of Python
1. Python can operate on several hardware systems.
2. Python language is easy to learn, understand, and work on.
3. Python provides the ideal structure and assistance for complex programs.
4. Automatic garbage collection is supported in Python.
5. It helps with testing and troubleshooting in an interactive fashion.
Advantages of Python
1. A high-level programming language that is easy to learn and write.
2. As compared to programming languages like Java, C, and C++, Python requires fewer lines of code to perform.
3. Due to its simplicity and easy syntax, Python is known as an extremely productive language.
4. Python is an interpreted language, which means that it directly executes code line by line.
5. Python is open-source, that is, free to use and share.
6. Python provides extensive library support for all functions and tasks.
Drawbacks of Python
1. Python is an interpreted and dynamically typed language that often leads to slow execution and run-time error.
2. As Python uses a large amount of memory, it is not suited for applications that require memory optimization.
3. Python has weak mobile computing.
4. Python lacks in terms of database connectivity.
Python vs PHP: A Comparison Table
|Ease of Learning||Python is one of the easiest languages to learn and understand.||When compared with Python, PHP is complex to learn.|
|Library Support||Python has a well-developed library support.||PHP doesn’t have enough library support for all the applications ,though Packagist, a PHP packages repository works as a central pillar holding PHP.|
|Language Type||Python is specialized in website development and machine-learning codes.||PHP is a general-purpose programming language.|
|Security||Python offers a higher level of security.||PHP has a medium level of security.|
|Database Connectivity||Lesser support||Higher support|
|Community Support||Python will ultimately catch up to PHP in terms of performance.||PHP offers excellent community support.|
|Database Connectivity||Python falls behind in database connectivity when compared to PHP.||PHP allows access to more than 20 databases.|
|Performance||Fast||PHP is faster than Python|
Both PHP and Python have some strong as well as weak points. PHP has been used for years for website development, but with its ease, flexibility, and security, Python is taking over the world of web development. Which one of the two languages you choose over the other depends on your business and project requirements.